IMAT 2015 Q21 [Scholars]

Which one of the following pairs of scholar/field of study is NOT correct?

A. Amartya Sen ­ Economics
B. Konrad Lorenz ­ Ethology
C. Doris Lessing ­ Literature
D. Max Weber ­ Pedagogy
E. Ludwig Wittgenstein ­ Philosophy

Amartya Kumar Sen is a philosopher and economist from India who has lived and worked in the United Kingdom and the United States since 1972. Therefore A is correct.

Konrad Zacharias Lorenz was a zoologist, ethologist, and ornithologist from Austria. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1973 together with Nikolaas Tinbergen as well as Karl von Frisch. He is widely considered as a father of modern ethology, or the research of behavioral psychology. Therefore B is correct.

Doris Lessing was an author who was both British and Zimbabwean. She was born in Iran to British parents and lived there until 1925. Her family subsequently relocated to Southern Rhodesia, where she resided until 1949, when she migrated to London, England. Therefore C is correct.

Pedagogy, most commonly understood as the approach to teaching, is the theory and practice of learning, and how this process influences, and is influenced by, the social, political and psychological development of learners.

Maximilian Karl Emil Weber was a German sociologist, historian, jurist, and political economist regarded as among the most important theorists of the development of modern Western society. His ideas profoundly influence social theory and research. Therefore D is incorrect, and in turn, our answer.

Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein was an Austrian-British philosopher who specialized in logic, philosophy of mathematics, psychology, and philosophy of language. Some believe him to be the greatest philosopher of the twentieth century. Therefore E is correct.

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