IMAT 2016 Q12 [Underlying Principle]

What is a clone but a twin? What is genetic engineering or selective breeding but assisted evolution? How often do we hear these trite excuses for man’s arrogant interference with natural processes? Too often. It is time to call a halt and consider just what limits need to be placed on the break-­neck progress of bio-­technology, if ‘progress’ is even the right word for it. The big question for science should not be ‘What’s in it for us?’ but ‘Could this have happened naturally?’ And if the answer is ‘No’ then we should not bring it about just because we have found that we can. If we do we may live a bit longer or grow more food per acre, but we don’t know where our meddling will end.

Which one of the following is a principle which underlies the above argument?

A. Nature will have its own way in the long run.

B. Meddling with nature could only ever end in disaster.

C. Science should not progress beyond what is natural.

D. It is time to call a halt on bio-­technological advances.

E. Cloning, genetic engineering and selective breeding are not ‘progress’.