An experiment is set up to study two genes. The two genes assort independently and for each gene the expression of alleles involves complete dominance. In the genetic cross RrTt x RrTt, a number of different phenotypes are seen. What is the difference between this number of phenotypes and the number of phenotypes seen when the cross RrTt x rrtt is carried out?
The correct answer is E.
It is said that the 2 genes have 2 different alleles :
Let’s now arbitrarily decide that R and T are the dominant alleles.
Genetic cross between RrTt x RrTt
A genetic cross between RrTt x RrTt gives us the following table :
From this, we can determine that there are 4 different phenotypes that can result from the genetic cross between RrTt x RrTt.
They come in different ratios :
Genetic cross between RrTt x rrtt
Similarly, we can do the following table :
There are less genetic combinations but the same 4 phenotypes :
Therefore, the difference between this number of phenotypes in the first cross and the number of phenotypes seen when the cross RrTt x rrtt is carried out is 0.