Organic chemistry

Hey! I don’t know why anhydride has a lower oxidation number than carboxilic acid and also can somebody explain how to find the actuall oxidation state of functional groups ? I saw a youtube video but that doesn’t work here…

Compounds in which the −OH group of the carboxylic acid is replaced by other functional groups are called carboxylic acid derivatives , the most important of which are acyl halides, acid anhydrides, esters, and amides. I assume it has the highest priority because anhydride is its derivative.

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Hey, I edited my comment, let me know if it makes sense

@AriHoresh Hey!
I got it. But it feels like I have a problem with the oxidation number. We know that esters and carboxylic acids are isomers. So why the oxidation numberbof ester is even lower than the derivative?

It’s affected by the rest of the modules, distance, and position of the atoms. It’s a bit too complex for the IMAT level, so it’s not required to know.

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@AriHoresh now my question is what’s the benefit of knowing the priorities of the functional groups?..

To name the molecules

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